Luca Giordano Archangel Michael Hurls the Rebellious Angels into the Abyss c.1666 light

 Ensemble PHOENIX in its 20th season, presents the Israeli premiere of LA CADUTA DELL' ANGELI, a 17th century Neapolitan oratorio by Francesco Rossi. 

Following the biblical apocryphal book of Enoch, LA CADUTA DELL' ANGELI depicts the rebellion of angels led by Lucifer (then an angel of light = luce), their defeat by Archangel Michael and his army of good angels, and their fall into the abyss.
As an angel of light, Lucifer's character is allocated to a soprano; after the fall he becomes a bariton!
Choirs of demons and angels opposing each other, exuberant dances and poignant chromaticism make this a colorful work and a great entertainment.

The program is complemented by a Neapolitan cantata by Cristofaro Caresana on the same theme, and instrumental music by Pietro Andrea Ziani, Maurizio Cazzati, Giovanni Battista Vitali and Bernardo Storace.The Fall of the Angels by Yoel Levy 


 Photo by Yoel Levy


         "First impression: "Wow!"... an exciting encounter with the oratorio"... we hope that concert organizers in our area first of all will invite Myrna Herzog and the team to perform again the "Fall of the Angels" and soon. This is a must, it is worthwhile."  Hagai Hitron, Ha'Aretz

The Vocal Department of The Buchmann-Mehta School of Music of the Tel Aviv University, directed by Prof. Sharon Rostorf-Zamir. 

Soloists: Hagai Berenson (Lucifer) , Shir Ordo (S. Michele), Sharon Tadmor (S. Michele), Shira Miriam Cohen (Lucifer), Daniel Portnoy (God), Yoav Ayalon (Lucifer caduto).

Vocal ensemble: Naomi Burla, Yulia Eliashuv, Lotem Taub (sopranos), Chen Holzman, Shir Ordo, Rommie Rochell, (altos), Anton Trotoush (tenor)


Ensemble PHOENIX on early instruments:  Kobi Rubinstein & Noam Gal - baroque violins; Alexandra Polin & Lucia D'Anna - bass viols; Alma Mayer - corneto; Inbar Salomon - recorder; Alexander Fine - baroque bassoon; Myrna Herzog - baroque cello; Lior Silberberg - organ; Dor Fisher - percussion.


Conductor, Musical director: Myrna Herzog

With the special participation of :

Francesco Tomasi (Italy) - baroque guitar, theorbo and 

Gio Sthel (Germany) - violone 


With the support of The Italian Cultural Institute in Tel Aviv


IIC colore telaviv


On the program

fall of the rebel angels giuseppe cesariThe main piece of the program is a southern Italian oratorio by Don Francesco Rossi  (Bari 1625 - ca 1690), named LA CADUTA DELL' ANGELI  (The Fall of the Angels), a 6 voices.It describes the War of Angels referred by the biblical apocryphal book of Enoch:  before the Creation, two armies of angels competed for power: that of Adonai, led by the Archangel Michael and that of Lucifer, commander of the rebel angels. The first is victorious and the demons are thrown down from heavens into the abyss. As an angel of light, Lucifer's character is allocated to a soprano; after the fall he becomes a bariton! Choirs of demons and angels opposing each other, exuberant dances and poignant chromaticism make this a colorful work.

The composer, Don (Nicolò) Francesco (de) Rossi (Bari 1627 - ca 1699) is thought to have studied in Naples at Conservatorio di Sant'Onofrio a Porta Capuana, where he worked as chapel master from 1669 to 1672. Some of his sacred works are preserved there, including LA CADUTA DELL' ANGELI.  Returning  to Bari, he was elected canon of the catedral and appointed chapel-master in 1677. Rossi later traveled to Venice where he composed operas (1686), and was elected choirmaster of the Ospedale dei Mendicanti in 1689, retiring in 1699.

Also in the program,  the Neapolitan cantata LA VITTORIA DEL INFANTE, a 6 singers  by Cristofaro Caresana (c.1640-1709) -  who during 1667- 1690 happened to be the director of the same Sant'Onofrio Conservatory where Rossi worked.  Caresana was born in Venice, where he studied under Pietro Andrea Ziani, before moving to Naples late in his teens. In Caresana's cantata, Lucifer wishes once more to wage war on Heavens, and is again defeated. Caresana music is full of exuberant energy, beauty, with lots of Neapolitan sentiment. It has great dynamic contrasts in the interplay of soloists and vocal ensemble, all supported by wonderful instrumental writing. 

 The program is complemented by 17th century Italian instrumental music by Bernardo Storace (c.1637 – c.1707), probably a Neapolitan  who worked as vicemaestro di cappela to the Senate of nearby Messina in Sicily, then an important cultural pole; and by musicians who were all interconected: Giovanni Battista Vitali (1632 -1692), one of the most interesting Italian composers in the field of instrumental music before Corelli’s era, worked in Bologna and Modena, and was a student of Maurizio Cazzati (1632 -1692), who in his turn worked as maestro di capella in the musical chapel of Santa Maria Maggiore in Bergamo -  one of the most outstanding of the North-Italian ecclesiastical institutions – where he was succeeded by Pietro Andrea Ziani (1616-1684); Ziani, on his side had been Caresana’s teacher, and spent the later phase of his life in Naples, working as organist and maestro di cappella at the Naples court,  and  after 1677 as a teacher at the same Sant' Onofrio Conservatory  where Rossi studied and worked, and that Caresana directed.


Our partner in the first production of the oratorio was the Ludovice Ensemble, represented by its founder, musical director and early keyboard specialist, Fernando Miguel Jalôto and the percussionist Rui Silva. The Ludovice Ensemble is Portuguese early music group, based in Lisbon, that focuses on the research and historical performance of Baroque chamber music on original instruments. It was founded in 2005, and it has since become a reference in the Portuguese Early Music scene. It all could happen thanks to  the support of The Embassy of Portugal in Tel Aviv , the Camões Institute and the Italian Cultural Institute in Haifa

Brasao de Portugal

Camoes           Logo tricolore Haifa     


We are indebted to Silvia Allessandra Giummo and Giacomo Contro for their help regarding Rossi's Caduta dell'Angeli. 




IBA News photo"The present gift we received from Herzog - she promises that there will be more - is the oratorio "La Caduta dell Angeli" by the 17th century Italian composer Francesco Rossi...
First impression: "Wow!"... an exciting encounter with the oratorio... the work is particularly nice and captivating at once, to say the least.... The most important: we hope that concert organizers in our area first of all will invite Myrna Herzog and the team to perform again the "Fall of the Angels" and soon. This is a must, it is worthwhile." Hagai Hitron, HaAretz                                     
Read the full review here or in the next tab.

"Making for a unique concert of Italian music, the recent PHOENIX program offered performance of outstanding quality and interest....the evening’s instrumental playing was stirring and inspiring...  a work that could only be deemed as “theatrical”! ... one cannot help being amazed by its universality, its lively, natural dialogue and emotions, all accessible long after being penned...  it concluded with resplendent choral singing...  . As to the young student vocalists, their diligent work under Myrna Herzog’s guidance (this early music style being a totally new musical experience for them) resulted in singing that was unencumbered by heavy vibrato without sounding forced, showing the primacy of the words; within a short period of time they had, in fact, achieved a vocal timbre authentic in style and tuning for 17th century Italian music. 

Founded and directed by Myrna Herzog, the ensemble’s performances have changed the Israeli music scene, encouraging Israeli musicians to embrace music of all periods and in the appropriate authentic manner.  Above all, PHOENIX is known for its performances of an uncompromising, high level." Pamela Hickman

 Read the full review here.


מ"הארץ " בעברית

Review Hitron

Il Conservatorio di S. Onofrio

Naples, the music capital of Europe

Conservatorio di S. Onofrio2 photo Myrna Herzog lightDuring the baroque period, Naples was considered the music capital of Europe: as Blazio, a character in Storace's The Pirates says, "sir, the people here are all born musicians. The little children cry in tune!".

This was thanks to the huge number of talented musicians born in the city - and thanks to its four excellent music conservatories which gave them an outstanding musical education. It is for this reason that in 1774 Stephano Storace sent  his 12 year old English son Stephen all the way from from London to study at Sant'Onofrio a Porta Capuana, one of those four conservatories.
Pietro Antoniani Milan 1740 1805 A view of the Bay of Naples with figures on the Riviera di Chiaia
Sant' Onofrio dates from 1578, and among the composers who learned or worked there, we find Don (Nicolò) Francesco (de) Rossi (Bari 1627 - ca 1699) and Cristofaro Caresana (c.1640-1709) who at some point were also its directors;  Pietro Andrea Ziani (1616-1684),  Niccoló JommelliGiovanni PaisielloNiccolò Piccinni,  Antonio Sacchini (four of the great names in the 18th century Neapolitan music) andof course Stephen Storace (1762-1796).  

 The original building still stands, very near to Porta Capuana, just across the street on the north side of the old Vicaria, the tribunale, the Naples Hall of Justice. It is presently occupied by the Police, which does not allow visitation.

Charles Burney (1726-1814) described a day in S. Onofrio, Wednesday, 31 October 1770:

"...This morning I went with young Oliver to his Conservatorio of St. Onofrio, and visited all the rooms where the boys practise, sleep, and eat. On the first flight of stairs was a trumpeter, screaming upon his instrument till he was ready to burst; on the second was a french-horn, bellowing in the same manner. In the common practising room there was a Dutch concert, consisting of seven or eight harpsichords, more than as many violins, and several voices, all performing different things, and in different keys: other boys were writing in the same room; but it being holiday time, many were absent who usually study and practise there together.Conservatorio di S. Onofrio photo Myrna Herzog light

The beds, which are in the same room, serve as seats for the harpsichords and other instruments. Out of thirty or forty boys who were practising, I could discover but two that were playing the same piece: some of those who were practising on the violin seemed to have a great deal of hand. The violin-cellos practise in another room: and the flutes, hautbois, and other wind instruments, in a third, except the trumpets and horns, which are obliged to fag, either on the stairs, or on the top of the house.


The only vacation in these schools, in the whole year, is in autumn, and that for a few days only: during the winter, the boys rise two hours before it is light, from which time they continue their exercise, an hour and a half at dinner excepted, till eight o’clock at night; and this constant perseverance, for a number of years, with good teaching, must produce great musicians."